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Symbolically, digitization converts analog signals into bits that are represented as 1s and 0s.Digitization therefore produces information that can be expressed in many different ways, on many different types of materials, and in many different systems.In the pages that follow, we discuss these distinct, yet interrelated, concepts.Scholars across disciplines use the term digitization to refer to the technical process of converting streams of analog information into digital bits of 1s and 0s with discrete and discontinuous values.Much scholarly work has recognized that digitization produces data with a set of distinguishing characteristics.
Yet, the universality of digital information requires that it be stripped of any non-essential “additional information” (Dretske, 1982: 137), or of any “intrinsic redundancies and repetitions” (Negroponte, 1995: 16).
We think this compliments some of the great work being done through the Digital Keywords Project—especially Digital and Analog. ‘Digitization’ and ‘digitalization’ are two conceptual terms that are closely associated and often used interchangeably in a broad range of literatures.
This article argues that there is analytical value in explicitly making a clear distinction between these two terms.
Manoff, 2006, 312) quality of information generated through digitization, while deemphasizing the material systems (transistors) on which that information is housed.
That being said, it would be a mistake to ignore that digital information is ultimately stored on and communicated through the physical orientation of material transistors as bits.
Somewhat later, Leibniz’s ideas came to form the basis of the Morse alphabet, and therefore Morse code, which became the standard system of the telegraph.